STANDING WHILST SENDING SALUTATION (SALAAM) UPON PROPHET MUHAMMAD ﷺ
Standing in respect (qiyaam e ta'zimi) and sitting in respect is permissible in Islam. It is sunnah to stand on certain occasions, as out of respect for a religious glorified object. It is for this reason, we stand and drink the water of Zamzam. If Allah Ta'ala grants us the honour, when presenting ourselves before the tomb (Rouza) of Prophet ﷺ, it is a sunnah to stand and fold our hands just we do in Namaaz.
Alamgiri states: 'Stand before the blessed tomb (Rauza) just as how standing in Namaaz is done. The beautiful appearance of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ should be envisaged in the mind of him resting in his blessed grave and knowing and hearing the person standing before the tomb.'
(Kitaabul-Hajj, Adaabu Ziyaarati-Qabrin-Nabi . Vol 1)
Hazrat Abu Hurairah(Radi Allaahu Anhu) narrates, 'Whenever Prophet ﷺ stood up from a gathering, we used to stand up until we saw him enter the house of any of his spouses'.
When Hazrat Fatima Zahra(Radi Allaahu Anha) used to present herself in the court of
Prophet ﷺ 'he used to stand up for her, hold her by hand, kiss her and make her sit in his sitting place. Likewise, when the Messenger ﷺ used to visit her, she would do the same'.
Hazrat Uthman(Radi Allaahu Anhu) narrates that once upon giving Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allaahu Anhu) some good news, he stood up and said, 'my parents be sacrificed on you! the person truly worthy of this is you..'
What is a greater happiness for a Muslim than the remembrance of the birth of Prophet ﷺ? The standing is proven from sunnah upon receiving any good news.
It is sunnah to stand in respect of a leader approaching, who is an infidel and where there is hope he will embrace Islam.
When Hazrat Umar(Radi Allaahu Anhu) presented himself in the court of Prophet ﷺ to accept Islam, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ stood up and embraced him.
Who is more beloved to a Muslim than Prophet ﷺ. He is more beloved than ones own life, children, parents and endless wealth. To stand up on his remebrance is the sunnah of the pious predecessors.
At the time of the birth of Prophet ﷺ, angels stood by the house in which he was born reciting durood and salutations. This is the reason standing on remembering his birth has resemblance to the actions of the angels. When Prophet ﷺ was born, disgraced shaitaan fled in sadness; and they do the same today.
When Hazrat Sa'ad Ibn Mu'aaz(Radi Allaahu Anhu) came into Masjid Nabawi. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ ordered the helpers (ansar), to 'stand up for your leader'.